EVs and Solar: Important things in Solar Energy
lubi solar       May 11, 2019
Recently, electric vehicles have seen many exaggerations as the Indian government has promised to replace gasoline and diesel vehicles with electric vehicles by 2030.
Although this is an ambitious plan, the main issue is the introduction of support infrastructure. In addition, another aspect, and a very important aspect is whether the transition of electric vehicles really meets their goals on the road. If the change in EV does change emissions; does it help reduce air pollution?
This will undoubtedly greatly reduce the cost of importing oil to India, but should electric cars be green? So the answer is that the electric car will be as green as the electricity it uses.
For example, let us take a country like Norway as an example. Their electric cars are the cleanest in the world because 98% of electricity comes from hydroelectric power stations, which is a renewable energy source.
64% of India’s electricity comes from traditional sources such as coal and diesel, 2% of nuclear energy and 34% of renewable energy. Of the 34% of renewable energy, the share of solar energy is 6.9%. Large-scale and small-scale hydro power, wind and biomass can make up the rest.
Only a small portion of the energy supply from renewable sources and the mobile electrification that will accumulate in the near future cannot rule out the potential impact of electric vehicles on electricity. What happens when the share of electric vehicles in the future increases? If the electric vehicle is charged with electricity produced in a normal form, is the goal of the clean energy revolution useful?
The only answer is Solar, which will confirm the zero-emission intent of embracing EVs. Why in particular solar and not wind or other renewable?
Solar photo voltaic technology is the only form of renewable energy that can be dispersed or dispersed by installing small solar power plants. A decentralized energy system consisting of small power plants will bring power closer to the end user, reduce transmission and distribution inefficiencies, and most importantly, reduce the impact of additional loads on the network. This will double the benefits of reducing emissions by using electric vehicles like vehicles and reducing fossil fuel use, which will increase environmental efficiency.
With the gradual decline in solar prices and new advances in photo voltaic technology, as well as higher efficiency, lower cost improvements and more efficient storage systems, we will see serious failures in the automotive industry. Solar energy will be the perfect partner for electric vehicles, and the future of the electric vehicle market integrated with solar photo voltaic power generation will be wonderful.
Description of EVs?
Mainly, There are three types of EVs classified by the abstraction of electricity they use for their power source. They are Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs).
Hybrid electric vehicles: HEV runs electricity and gasoline. Although the car’s brake system generates electricity to charge the battery, also known as “regenerative braking,” it drives the motor, which aids in the initial start-up, and then the gasoline engine begins to operate as it increases. Speed or load. Hybrids are designed to provide an optimum economy in different driving conditions, driven by an internal computer (gasoline and electric).
Hybrid plug-in electric vehicles: also known as remote electric vehicles (EREV), they also rely on electricity and gasoline. PHEV batteries can be recharged using “regenerative braking” or by connecting to an external charging outlet. When the battery fails, the gasoline engine can also act as a battery charger. Therefore, unlike conventional hybrid vehicles, PHEVs can be connected and charged via a power outlet, which allows them to travel over long distances using only electricity.
Financial and Social benefits
EV is much cheaper than ICE (internal combustion engine). On average, electric vehicles can save up to seven times the cost of fuel. Electric vehicles have almost no maintenance costs because they have the smallest detail compared to the engine. No clutch, no gear, no petrol or diesel engine.
In addition, electric vehicles are subsidized by the FAME National Plan (introduction and faster production of hybrid and electric vehicles), according to which incentives for electric motorcycles and motorcycles can be up to Rs 25,000/, and Rs. 61,000 for three rounds. / – Rupee. 1,38,000 / – For electric vehicles.
Reducing harmful emissions will improve air quality and thus reduce health problems caused by pollution.
Driving an electric car is different from driving a petrol or diesel car. In a traditional car fueled by fossil fuels, when your fuel runs out, you start to refuel a new fuel that can work for five minutes. For electric vehicles, when the car battery is discharged, you must charge the car battery at your home or workplace electric vehicle charging station. It usually takes 30 minutes to 5 hours, depending on the type of charger (see the next item for details). This is almost the same as charging a mobile phone.
The electric vehicle owner must plan his program accordingly to load his car, but most electric car users usually install their car at home after working at night. In general, public charging stations are used while driving on highways.
Since people usually have to charge their electric cars when they get home from work in the evening, there is a possibility that the peak load at night will increase significantly. These hot spots are usually centered around residential areas. Are our utility companies ready to take on additional burdens? If not, what is the next best option?
Another important task is to develop an auxiliary infrastructure by installing a sufficient number of charging stations at several points in the city and on the road. This will require huge investments. In addition, is the government flexible in providing licenses, eliminating bureaucracy and simplifying this process, avoiding cumbersome licensing and paperwork?
Electric vehicle manufacturers can stimulate the owners of electric vehicles to delay the load under peak load conditions. For example, BMW i3 EV owner BMW signed an 18-month plan in which participants received an alert via the smart phone app asking them to postpone charging the EV. Once adopted, the software allows BMW to stop charging remotely. Participants receive rewards depending on how many times they collect delays.
Energy companies can work with electric vehicle manufacturers to develop a system in which electric vehicle owners can operate as separate “electricity centers” that enable them to extract, store and return electricity to the network, balancing the network. overload
Electricity regulators can even develop an effective tariff structure to change the charging time of electric vehicles through demand response, where Discoms can provide attractive daily rates to encourage off-peak charging.
The potential of EV charging infrastructure manufacturing in India
EESL (Energy Efficiency Services Ltd.) of the Department of Energy is committed to implementing the GOI concept to create an ecosystem for manufacturers and suppliers to invest in electronic mobility in India. Summary of demand due to bulk purchases and guaranteed payment to suppliers.
The use of EVs requires an efficient charging infrastructure to create an ecosystem so that electric vehicles can run smoothly.
By 2030, electricity and related mobility can help save up to 20 Indian rupees of oil imports and almost one gigaton of carbon dioxide emissions.
The goal is to build a charging infrastructure in all states. Electric vehicles are ready to cause serious damage to the automotive industry and have changed.